– Phase A1 / Supply of raw materials
Growth until cut, cut, cured, trimmed.
– Phase A2 / Transport
Transport of raw and auxiliary materials from the place of supply to the factory.
– Phase A3 / Manufacturing
Preservation and drying (cleaning, drilling, preservation, drying, cutting, loading)
Transport to Spain (sea + land transport)
Storage and packaging (unloading, storage, packaging)
The products analyzed in this study have negative CO2 footprint and accumulated energy demand (AED) values in stages.
The carbon footprint under reach from cradle to cradle is -12.75 kg CO2, 17.97 kg CO2 and 21.88 kg CO2 for the 6 cm, 8 cm and 12 cm Guadua rods respectively.
The AED values are -129.3 MJ, -183.7 MJ and -224.5 MJ for the same rods.
The storage of CO2 and energy during the A1 stage of growth and harvest more than offsets the impacts of the A2 and A3 stages (with positive values).