WORKSHOP AGENDA :
General and specific objectives of the activity:
The main objective of this activity is to offer specific technical training on Bamboo and its applications in construction projects. This workshop is aimed at students and professionals of Architecture and Engineering, as well as those related to the field of Development Cooperation.
This course will consist of two blocks (one theoretical and the other practical) that will allow the students enrolled in the Workshop to receive an integral formation on the constructive techniques of Bamboo, both alone and in combination with other materials.
The teachers invited to the Workshop are made up of teachers and professionals who are integrally related to this material in their professional activity. They devote themselves to fields as diverse as production and distribution / sale, architectural design or research, among others.
BLOCK A: THEORICAL PART (10h)
To introduce registered students to the Workshop on the use of Bamboo in construction. To transfer knowledge about technical details and current construction technologies with this material. Finally, a detailed study on the historical evolution of Bamboo will be presented, exemplified in practical examples.
Acquire the necessary theoretical knowledge that will serve as a basis for students to develop projects and designs that integrate this material. This knowledge will serve as a basis for them to develop and execute real projects.
MODULE 1: TAXONOMY OF BAMBOO AND VEGETABLE FIBRES
The concept of Taxonomy
Family, subfamily and supertribe
General geographical distribution (and description of the climates to which it is associated)
Types of bamboo / Species most used in construction (geographical distribution, approximate dimensions and general description of their characteristics)
General physical characteristics of the plant (durability, average resistance in its natural state – non-structural, maximum length and section according to species…)
MODULE 2: BAMBOO FORESTRY
Description of Bamboo
The concept of Forestry
Natural ecosystem and climate analysis
Optimum soil structure
Bamboo cultivation (duration / speed of growth, extension of a plantation, selection and harvesting…)
General problems of bamboo cultivation (insects attacking it, problems due to excessive humidity or lack of it, rotting due to fungi and moulds…)
Selection of the best structural pieces
Storage and Pathology after harvest (cutting, cleaning and preservation, protection of material during storage, etc.).
Forms of distribution of the material (in bundles, such as sticks, panels, chopped cane, mats…)
MODULE 3: BAMBOO AS A BUILDING MATERIAL
Specific characteristics of the material in construction (flexibility, resistance to compression, shear and traction…)
Basic joints and assemblies
Necessary tools to work the Bamboo
Other materials needed to make the joints (threaded rods and bolts, ropes, metal parts …)
Elements and constructive systems that can be elaborated (structure, forged, interior partitions, finished, exterior enclosures and cover).
Type construction details
Constructive and structural design with bamboo (behaviour against earthquakes, hurricanes…)
Combination with other construction materials (earth, stone, concrete, other tissues of vegetable fibers: quincha, caña brava, totora…)
Protection of the material (primers, paints,…after being used on site, fire protection)
Pathology and behaviour on site
Maintenance, reuse and replacement of parts
New generation” construction details and combination with high technology
MODULE 4: SUSTAINABILITY AND BENCHMARKS
Sustainability in bamboo (social, environmental and economic benefits) (is it sustainable to build with bamboo in a country where it is not autochthonous?)
Ecological footprint of bamboo (compared to concrete, steel, wood, etc.)
Bamboo life cycle analysis
In detail: costs and economic comparison with other materials
Organizations and Institutions related to bamboo (INBAR)
Reference manuals (design and calculation)
Reference standards (at an international level and in Spain. How to build with Bamboo in Spain with the current standards?)
MODULE 5: ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN WITH BAMBOO AND PRACTICAL EXAMPLES
Architectural distribution with bamboo
Architects, technicians and construction professionals most recognized for the use of this material
Geographical distribution of bamboo construction examples
Most relevant architectural and engineering examples (projects and case studies of interest)
BIM and bamboo
Other applications (as fuel: biomass, food, in furniture…)
New lines of research in Bamboo Technology
BLOCK B: PRACTICAL PART (16h)
To allow students to develop the training received during the theoretical block with the execution of a full-scale prototype that integrates some of the most significant Bamboo joints and assemblies.
Strengthen the theoretical knowledge and acquire experience of working in-situ with this material.
Description of the workshop and its parts, elaboration of the different working groups.
The project to be carried out during the construction module will also be presented and the assembly plan will be given to all the students.
2. Cutting workshop, elaboration of pieces and joints
In this section the students and the corresponding teaching staff will go down to the basement of the ETSAM to the laboratory and wood workshop area, where they will learn, with the assistance of a technician from the laboratory, how to make the elements and pieces necessary for the construction of the greenhouse. The work with heavy machinery will be the sole competence of the teachers and the laboratory technician, while the students will only be able to use manual tools such as hammers, hand saws, etc.
3. On-site execution of the greenhouse
The students and teachers will be divided into 4 different groups to elaborate the different parts that will make up the greenhouse. They will be provided with the necessary protection measures and the material – the pieces already cut and prepared – so that they can lift the construction and assemble the elements, generating the connections with bolts and rope, placing the plastic coverings, the earth boxes…